Part I Vocabulary and Structure (35%)
* 1 Such a reliable person as him won’t make ()promises.
* 2. In English vocabulary, words of French()are not rare.
* 3. One new ()to learning a foreign language is to study the language in its culturalcontext.
* 4. Staring at the ruins of his house, he couldn’ t() how the fire had broken out,
* 5. I didn’t know what to do, but;then an idea()to me suddenly.
* 6. The government has lost a great deal () because of the large increase in food price.
* 7.I continued to study () the discouragement I had received
* 8. They said I had given () the whistle was worth.
* 9. It is necessary to()a large vocabulary in learning a language.
* 10. Many people in Africa seem to be ()of the American way of life:driving everywhere.
* 11. — I wonder why Mary is so unfriendly to us.
—She is(  )than unfriendly. 1’ m afraid
* 12. He’s mean and bad-tempered and lazy, but she loves him()
* 13. The physician considers going to bed early to be more sensible()late.
* 14. This sort of punishment is applied only to nonviolent criminals who are not ()to be dangerous to the public
* 15. The work() by the time you decide to cooperate with us.
* 16. 1 remember()the piano beautifully when he was a child.
* 17. The assistant and graduate ()student check the exercise books.
* 18. The ticket you () to a free meal in our restaurant.
* 19. (),people can’t afford to buy expensive things.
* 20. Mr. Smith has taught chemistry in that school for more years — ().
* 21. I don,t think Mary understood what you said, ()?
* 22. Was it in 1969()the American astronaut succeedlanding on the moon?
* 23. The news reporters hurried to the airport, only ()the film stars had left.
* 24. Mrs. White became a teacher in 1985. She()for twentyyears by next summer.
* 25. It was not until it got dark () working.
* 26. If you want () , you have to get the fund somewhere.
* 27. The gray building is where the workers live, and the white one is where the spareparts ()
* 28. I()fill in the form now, shouldn’t I?
* 29. John’s score on the test is the highest in the class;().
* 30.According to one belief, if truth is to be known it will make itself apparent, so one()wait instead of searching for it.
* 31. There was a large crowd in the square ()against the war.
* 32. I could not persuade him to accept it,()make him see the importance of it.
* 33. The technical advisor recommended that we()an inspection on the instrument once every month.
* 34. Language belongs to each of us, to the flower-seller() to the professor.
* 35. A Dream of the Red Mansion is said()into dozens of languages in the last decade.
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (20 %)
Directions : In this part,there are four passages, each of which is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. Choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Social change is more likely to occur in societies where there is a mixture of different kinds of people than in societies where people are similar in many ways. The simple reason for this is that there are more different ways of looking at the present in the first kind of society. There are more ideas, more disagreements in interest, and more groups and organizations with different beliefs. In addition,there is usually a greater worldly interest and greater tolerance for other peoples’ claims in mixed societies. All these factors tend to promote social change by opening more areas of life to decision. In a society where people are quite similar in many ways, there are fewer occasions for people to see the need or the opportunity for change because everything seems to be the same. And although conditions may not be satisfactory, they are at least customary and undisputed
Within a society, social change is also likely to occur more frequently and more readily in the material aspects of the culture than in the non-material,for example, in technology rather than in values ; in what has been learned later in life rather than what was learned early ; in the less basic and less emotional aspects of society than in their opposites ; in the simple elements rather than in the complex ones; in form rather than in substance; and in elements that are acceptable to the culture rather than in strange elements.
* 36. The passage is mainly discussing() .
* 37. is NOT one of the factors that tend to promote social change().
* 38. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?()
* 39. The expression “greater tolerance” (Paragraph 1) refers to()
* 40. Social change is less likely to occur in a society where people are quite similar in manyways because() .
Traditionally,universities have carried out two main activities : research and teaching. Many experts would argue that both these activities play a critical role in serving the community. The fundamental question, however, is how does the community want or need to be served?
In recent years universities have been coming under increasing pressure from both the governments and the public to ensure that they do not remain ivory towers (象牙塔)of study separated from the realities of everyday life. University teachers have been encouraged, and in some cases compelled,to provide more courses which produce graduates with the technical skills required for the commercial use. If Aristotle wanted to work in university in the UK today, he would have a good chance of teaching computer science but would not be so readily employable as a philosopher.
A post-industrial society requires large numbers of computer programmers,engineers,managers and technicians to maintain and develop its economic growth but “man , as the Bible says, “does not live by bread alone.,’ Apart from requiring medical and social services, which do not directly contribute to economic growth,the society should also value and enjoy literature,music and the arts. In these cost-conscious times, it has even been pointed out in justification for the funding of the arts that they can be useful money earners. A successful musical play, for instance, can contribute as much lo the Gross National Product through tourist dollars as any other things.
* 41. We can know from the first paragraph that the author()
* 42. It can be inferred from the second paragraph that () .
* 43. The example of Aristotle indicates that()
* 44. According to the passage t literature, music and the arts()
* 45. The author implies that()
Passage 3
It’s time to stop complaining. The economy might be melting down like a pat of(一小块) butter on a hot Hummer(焊马)roof, but for some people—you, maybe? —this could be a very good thing.
Here ‘ s why at no other time in recent history has it been easier or cheaper to start a new kind of company. Possibly a very profitable company. Let,s call these start-ups LILOs, for “a little in, a lot out”. These are Web-based businesses that cost almost nothing to get off the ground yet can turn into great moneymakers.
How do you get started? All that ‘ s required is a great idea for a product that will fill a need inthe 21century. These days you ‘ d do best if your idea either makes people money or saves themmoney. And launching now will make your company stronger later—you’ 11 learn to survive on fumes until the economy improves.
That’s what John Tayman is doing. He’s a writer living in San Francisco, where I met him; he wrote reviews for a business magazine I edite
D.Tayman knew little about technology and even less about business. And yet he dreamed of a website that would summarize car reviews from other sources and rank every model of new car. “ It ‘ll be like RottenTomatoes. com meets Kelley Blue Book,” he explained to me during lunch one day last June. Tayman said he intended to build the site on the side while continuing to write for a living. He ’ d work on his new company only at night and on weekends. Oh, yes, and he had only about $ 10, 000. “Good luck with that!” I thought. Ideas are much easier to hatch than they are to execute.
Tayman went to work with nothing more than his PowerBook laptop. A very organized fellow, he quickly discovered a lot of freebies(免费的东西)online—instructional manuals and sites aimed at bootstrappers (靠自我奋斗取得成功的人)一that walk you through the process from start to finish. The common wisdom would suggest that Tayman couldn ‘ t have picked a worse time to start a company that depends on automotive advertising. But he knew that going in (被理解).“I wanted to launch into (开始从事,投入)the dip so that by the time advertising improves,my site MotorMouths will be sitting pretty,” he says.
* 46. What does the author think of the Web-based businesses?()
* 47. What is essential to start your Web-based company according to the passage?()
* 48. What can we know about John Tayman?()
* 49. What does the author imply by saying “Ideas are much easier hatch ... to execute. ”?()
* 50. What is Tayman,sattitude towards his MotorMouths' future?()
Passage 4
By far the most common snake in Britain is the adder. In Scotland, in fact, there are no other snakes at all. The adder is also the only British snake with a poisonous bite. It can be found almost anywhere, but prefers sunny hillsides and rough open country, including high groun
D.In Ireland there are no snakes at all.
Most people regard snake bites as a fatal misfortune, but not all bites are serious and very few are fatal. Sometimes attempts at emergency treatment turn out to be more dangerous than the bite itself, with amateurs heroically, but mistakenly, trying do-it-yourself surgery and other unnecessary measures.
All snakes have small teeth, so it follows that all snakes can bite, but only the bite of the adder presents any danger. British snakes are shy animals and are far more frightened of you than you could possibly be of them. The adder will attack only if it feels threatened, as can happen if you take it by surprise and step on it accidentally or if you try to catch it or pick it up, which it dislikes intensely. If it hears you coming, it will normally get out of the way as quickly as it can, but adderscannot move very rapidly and may attack before moving if you are very close.
The effect of a bite varies considerably. It depends upon several things, one of which is thebody-weight of the person bitten. The biggerthe person is, the less harmful the bite is likely to be,which is why children suffer far more seriously from snake bites than adults. A healthy person will also have better resistance against the poison.
Very few people actually die from snake bites in Britain, and though these bites can make some people very ill, there are probably just as many cases of bites having little or no effect, as there are of serious illness.
* 51. Which of the following statements is NOT true?()
* 52. Adders are most likely to be found()
* 53. We are told that British snakes are()
* 54. If an adder senses your approaching, it will probably ()
* 55. According to the passage, a snake bite is ().
Part Ⅲ Cloze(10%)
Directions : There are20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices.
Choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
From childhood to old age, we all use language as a means of broadening our knowledge of ourselves and the world about us. When humans first     56 _, they were like newborn children,unable to use this 57 tool. Yet once language developed,the possibilities for human kind’s future ___ 58 ___ and cultural growth increased
Many linguists believe that evolution is   59   for our ability to produce and use language. They 60  that our highly evolved brain provides us ___ 61   an innate language ability not found in lower 62 Proponents of this innateness theory say that our   63 ___ for language is inborn,but that language itself develops gradually,64 a function of the growth of the brain during childhoo
D.Therefore there are critical 65 times for language development. Current ___ 66___ of innateness theory are mixed, however, evidence supporting the existence of some innate abilities is ufiekmiable.     67  , more and more schools are discovering that foreign languages are best taught in   68 ___ grades. Young children often can learn several languages by being 69  to them,while adults have a much harder time learning another language once the 70 of their first language have become firmly fixed. 71 some aspects of language are undeniably innate, language does not develop automatically in a vacuum. Children who have been _ 72  from other human beings do not possess language. This demonstrates that 73 with other human beings is necessary for proper language development. Some linguists believe that this is even more basic to human language 74 than any innate capacities. These theorists view language as imitative, learned behavior. 75 , childrenlearn language from their parents by imitating them. Parents gradually shape their child’s language sills by positively reinforcing precise imitations and negatively reinforcing imprecise ones.
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Part IV Writing( 15%)
Directions : This part is to test your practical writing ability. You are required to write a note asking for sick leave according to the information given in Chinese. Your writing should contain at least 100 words. Write it on the Answer Sheet.
说明:假定你是秘书Linda Wang,请按下列内容填写给经理John Brown的电话留言。 内容:
1.来电人:APP 公司 Mr. Peter Margin
2.来电时间:12月13日上午10:30 .
3.来电内容:Mr. Peter Margin将于下周一去纽约,下周没有时间与您见面。他希望 在本周五上午9:30能见到您,讨论双方合作事宜。您是否有空?希望您收到留言 后尽早回电给Mr. Peter Margin0