Part I Vocabulary and Structure (35%)
* 1. Polar explorers have to be extremely()to endure the climate and other hardships ofvarious kinds.
* 2. More have been learned since 1945 about chemical changes in the body than in all human history before()time.
* 3. She was a poor woman with few ().
* 4. The committee remembers meet()for every Saturday and Sunday mornings.
* 5. I've been playing tennis with Mary. But I was()by her,
* 6. When hiswife dind’t believe.what lie had said, he tried to()her of his honesty.
* 7. So badly()in the accident that he had to be sent lo hospital for treatment.
* 8. She doesn't like her job, but is too ()to try to find another.
* 9. None of us has a clear idea about ()to do.
* 10. Nothing can()the notice of the policeman.
* 11. ()do it myself than try to persuade such a silly fellow like him.
* 12. Weighing seven hundred pounds, ().
* 13. He has made another wonderful discovery, () of great importance to science and man.
* 14. 一What are you going to study next year?
—I don’t know, but it’s time(  )something.
* 15. —Gould I borrow your dictionary?
—I ’ d get it for you(  )I could remember who last borrowed it.
* 16. The students didn’t manage to work out the problem() their teacher had explained how.
* 17. Some people think about () their rights than about their duties.
* 18. They showed us around the factory ()is equipped with modern machines.
* 19 .() ,the workers continued their work in the open air.
* 20. The girl said that she()here a week before.
* 21. The old lady was () to the young man who helped her find her lost grandson.
* 22. Silver is the best conductor of electricity, copper()it closely.
* 23. It vvasn’ t such a good dinner()she had promised us.
* 24. Many newspapers printed the goverment’s statement () he would resign his position.
* 25. We will never forget the days()we spent together, singing and dancing.
* 26. There is a() improvement in your pronunciation.
* 27. Not only I but also Ellis and Jane()fond of playing basketball.
* 28. Teachers have no right to force their own opinions() the students.
* 29. The express train()and many people thronged to the station.
* 30. Do you know what she is majoring() at college now?
* 31. After years of hard work, these researchers have at last discovered a new() to cancer treatment.
* 32. We have()to the government for a home improvement loan.
* 33. Tom()the shopkeeper with overcharging him for the articles he had bought.
* 34. The idea sounds very good, but will it work in()?
* 35. He got a job so that he could be independent()his parents.
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (20 %)
Directions : In this part,there are four passages, each of which is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. Choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Passage 1
A major incentive (动力)for college attendance is the belief that it will prepare you for a career. Chances are that the career you want, whether in nursing, counseling, law, or management, requires a college education. Even if the return of your education isn ‘ t as great as it used to be, you would probably rather be a relatively poorly paid lawyer than a secretary or a construction worker ; you would probably rather be a manager than a manage. In the sense that a degree is increasingly required for even middle-level jobs, your investment in a college educationwill still pay off.
It can pay off in other ways too. It is a value judgement to say that a college education will make you a better person, but it is a value judgement that the vast majority of college graduates are willing to make survey after survey to demonstrate that people feel very positive about their college education, believing that it has made them better and more tolerant people.
Whether it makes you a better person or not, a college education is likely to have a lasting effect on your knowledge and values. If you finish college, you will sit through 30 to 45 different courses. Even the least dedicated student is bound to learn something from these courses. In addition, students learn informally. Whether you go to college in you hometown or across the country, college will introduce you to a greater diversity of people than you , re likely to have experienced before. This diversity will challenge your mind and broaden your horizons.
As a result of formal and informal learning, college graduates are more knowledgeable about the world around them, more tolerant and less prejudiced, more active in public and community affairs, and, more open to new ideas.
* 36. It is apparent from the passage that people go to college mainly because they believe().
* 37. We can learn from the second paragraph that() .
* 38. The word “dedicated” (Line 3,Para. 3) could best be replaced by () .
* 39. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?()
* 40. This passage is primarily concerned with. ()
Happiness can be described as a positive mood and a pleasant state of mind.According to recent polls(民意测试),sixty to seventy percent of Americans consider themselves to be moderately happy and one in twenty persons feel very unhappy. Psychologists have been studying the factors that contribute to happiness. It is not predictable nor is a person in an apparently ideal situation necessarily happy. The ideal situation may have little to do with his actual feelings.
A good education and income are usually considered necessary for happiness. Though both may contribute, they are only chief factors if the person is seriously undereducated or actually suffering from lack of physical needs.
The rich are not likely to be happier than the middle-income group or even those with very low incomes. People with college educations are somewhat happier than those who did not graduate from high school,and it is believed that this is mainly because they have more opportunity to control their lives. Yet people with a high income and a college education may be less happy than those with the same income and no college education.
Poor health does not rule out happiness except for the severely disabled or those in pain. Learning to cope with a health problem can contribute to happiness. Those with a good sex life are happier in general,but those who have a loving,affectionate relationship are happier than those who rely on sex alone. Love has a higher correlation with happiness than any other factor.
It should be noted that people quickly get used to what they have, and they are happiest when they feel they are increasing their level no matter where it stands at a given time.
Children whose parents were happily married have happier childhoods yet they are not necessarily happier adults when they grow up.
The best formula for happiness is to be able to develop the ability to tolerate frustration, to have a personal involvement and commitment, and to develop self-confidence and self-esteem.
* 41. It can be inferred from the passage that()
* 42. People with college education ().
* 43. According to the article, happiness is greatly dependent upon()
* 44. Which of the following is most likely to contribute to happiness?()
* 45. Which of the following attitudes of feelings is most likely to be found in happy people?()
Passage 3
When I was learning calligraphy(书法),my teacher told me a story.
A calligrapher taught handwriting. One of his students who often practiced handwriting with old sheets of newspaper complained that he made very little progress though he had learned it with the calligrapher for a long time. His teacher said to him, “Try to use the best paper. Maybe you’ll write better. ”
The student did as he was told It really worked.He made headway not long afterwards and felt curious. He asked his teacher about the reason. The calligrapher answered, “When you used old newspaper to practice handwriting, you would think you were writing a draft. It didn ‘ t matter if you wrote badly as old newspaper was plenty in supply. In that case you wouldn ’ t pay much attention to it. Now you use the best paper and you ’ ll treasure it each time you write your feel strongly about the rarity of chances and you ’ll devote to it with all your heart and soul ; you ;ll do the handwriting much more attentively than practicing. Of course you’ve made rapid progress.
Indeed, we spend our ordinary days just as they are worthless old newspaper,. We don ‘ t care if we scrawl and waste it, thinking that it will come endlessly一the “ old newspaper” is inexhaustible. In such a mood we may each day pass by opportunities but fail to catch any of them.
Life is not a military exercise but an actual war in which real weapons are used.In everyday life there ’ s no chance for us to draft. That ’ s because what we call “ draft” actually is the answer sheet we write that cannot be changed.
Every day of our life is something new. Let us take every day as a sheet of the best paper.
* 46. The calligrapher in the story told the student to write on the best paper because he thought()
* 47. The student didn’t make much progress at first because ().
* 48. We learn from the passage that().
* 49. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?()
* 50. The writer wants to tell us that()
Passage 4
Much attention is presently being given to what is termed M functional illiteracyM. This shouldnot be confused with the problem of illiteracy, that is, the inability to read and write. Current United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) figures indicate that 99 percent of all Americans are literate, the same figure assigned to nations such as Britain, Germany. Functional illiteracy, by contrast, is concerned with how much difficulty people have in actually using and writing skills in everyday situations. This might be interpreted, for example, as the relative ability to understand federal income tax forms, or printed instructions, or how well someone can write a letter of complaint, or apply in writing for a job.
There are no agreed-upon (达成’致的)definitions of what functional illiteracy is and, in practice, definitions vary widely. For many years, reading tests have been used throughout the country which define reading ability by grade level. “Tenth-grade reading level for instance, would be the average reading score of all pupils who have completed ten years of school. There are, of course,many different reading tests and types of tests. One definition of functional illiteracy holds that anyone is illiterate who reads at less than an eighth-grade level. Another common definition uses a twelfth-grade level (the last year of high school in the U.S. )
There seems to be general agreement that at least one-tenth of all Americans are functionally illiterate in English to some degree. It is also hardly surprising that those nations which (like the U. S. ) have paid most attention to this concept, and which have nation-wide testing, have found the greatest problems. As one educator humorously put it, “Reading tests cause illiteracy’,• Canada, for example, which also has a large non-English-speaking immigrant population, has recently found that many of her citizens, too, are functionally illiterate. The attention given to this problem,therefore, reflects the fact that in North America schools as well as pupils are continually tested
* 51. What does “illiteracy” mean?()
* 52. It can be learned from the passage that()
* 53. Which of the following is most probably functionally illiterate?()
* 54. It can be inferred that ()
* 55. This passage was written mainly to.()
Part Ⅲ Cloze(10%)
Directions : There are20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices.
Choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
According to current 56, the world ‘ s population, which is doubling every 35 years, willbe at or near 14 billion 57 the year 2030. It is very much doubtful whether the world 58 how to feed this population by then. This population will be very much more 59 than today.
Advanced countries are 60 to increase output by a factor of at least five times. 61 countries will at least have established extractive industries, backed by roads, airports and power stations, and 62 to export in order to be able to pay 63 imported food and skills. Technology itself will have become more sophisticated and various 64,new materials, even harder to dispose of than glass and plastic, will have been invented.New drugs and pesticides with 65 side-effects will have been invented.New 66 of transport will abound : overcraft will skim over lakes and commons to 67 the silence of winter. A flurry of rocket-belted enthusiasts will leap about like grass-hoppers, while overhead the skip-liners circumnavigating the globe 68 five or six hours, will emit their 69 booms. More people with more technology 70 more pollution, more environmental distortion and 71 privacy. Much of the damage will come from the 72 which will necessarily by made to feed the ever-increasing number of mouths, and to house their 73.
The crash of 74 timber as forests are felled,will be echoed by the thunder of explosives,as canals and harbours are blasted into 75 .
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Part IV Writing( 15%)
Directions : This part is to test your practical writing ability. You are required to write a note asking for sick leave according to the information given in Chinese. Your writing should contain at least 100 words. Write it on the Answer Sheet.
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